Saturday, October 1, 2016

Breed Specific Legislation passed in Montreal - but it exists in Nova Scotia too

This week we saw Montreal fall to the evil debacle of breed specific legislation - laws that are built around killing dogs that look a certain way and not laying blame where it needs to be - dog owners who don't control their dogs properly.

But I don't think that many people know that here in Nova Scotia there are areas that also have this kind of legislation and in 2008 the province almost fell to province wide BSL - it was only through quick work by dedicated advocates that it didn't happen.

There are pockets of breed specific legislation in the town of Digby, the district of the Municipality of Antigonish, the town of Clark's Harbour, and the County of Richmond.  It is technically impossible to drive to Cape Breton without driving through BSL.  (note: the town of Clark's Harbour bylaw is not online, if you want me to send it to you email me at and I will)

So if you live in any of these areas and you care about this issue - you should contact your area's Councillors and see if you can effect change to get your dog bylaw's changed so that your area's law can reflect science and not fear mongering.

As for our provincial legislation - we still have a way to go - our Municipal Government Act still does have a portion of breed specific legislation in it - when it was proposed in 2008 I wrote out was proposed - you can find that - here - what is still left is:

Dog by-law 175 (1) Without limiting the generality of Section 172, a council may make by-laws

(e) defining fierce or dangerous dogs, including defining them by breed, cross-breed, partial breed or type;

So what that means is that any town or city in the province can define dangerous dogs any breed that want - like what Clark's Harbour does:

f) “fierce or dangerous” means:
1) any dog with a known propensity, tendency or disposition to attack, without provocation, persons or other domestic animals; or
2) any dog which has bitten a person or another domestic animal without provocation; or
3) a Pit Bull Terrier, American Pit Bull Terrier, Pit Bull, Staffordshire Bull Terrier, American Staffordshire Terrier, Rottweiler or any dog of mixed breed which includes any of the aforementioned breeds;

And that is exactly what breed specific legislation is - defining a dangerous dog by it's breed - pre-judging a dog simply by it's so-called breed, or by the way it looks - because we all know that pit bull isn't a breed - it's a "type" - it can be any type of dog with short hair, a thin tail and a wide forehead.

I have been trying for a long time to have these lines removed from the Municipal government Act because it is very dangerous for it to be in there - the Municipal Government Act is basically the framework that all towns and cities in Nova Scotia base their bylaws on - if it's not written in the Municipal Government Act towns can't write it in their bylaws - but if it's in there, they can.

If this is something that's important to you, and you don't want to see breed specific legislation potentially being written into your own town's bylaw - you can write to your MLA and ask that these lines be removed from the Municipal Government Act - if enough people write in about it - maybe we can get it removed.

You can find a list of Nova Scotia MLA's here -

I have to point out that Shelburne USED to have BSL and they removed it a few years ago thanks to hard work on the behalf of local advocates in the area - and a couple years ago Yarmouth was contemplating adding BSL to their bylaw when they were rewriting the bylaw - they had had a really traumatic mauling in Yarmouth caused by a targetted breed and they were under a lot of pressure - but I am really happy to say that they didn't do it - their new bylaw doesn't have anything in it that relates to breed - so when different areas of Nova Scotia re-writes their bylaws - good laws CAN be written.

And there are awesome bylaws throughout Nova Scotia -  Parrsboro Nova Scotia has a world class dog bylaw - one of the best ones I've ever seen - and they've had it since 2003.

And if you want to know who was behind the provincial push to have BSL - I'll tell you - it was Lloyd Hines - and he's still in provincial politics today - he's currently the minister of Natural Resources, still drinking from the tit of the government's largesse (and from the mouth of the district of the Municipality's of Guysboroughs coffers too) - I've been writing about him since 2004 when he said the most idiotic thing:

"I don't want to be the warden of the Municipality of Guysborough and have to go to the funeral of some kid who was eaten."

He hates dogs and I think he's afraid of them.  He's a very little, little man who deserves to be voted out - I hope he is in the next election.

Thursday, September 29, 2016

There's a lot more to the Montreal dog bylaw than banning dogs

On September 27, 2016 Montreal Quebec passed one of the most draconian dog bylaws that Canada has ever seen - or hopefully will ever see.

It was precipitated by a really tragic death this summer of a woman in Montreal by a dog - who's breed is still unknown and we may never know the breed of the dog but it was initially said to be a pit bull type dog - it was licenced with the city as a boxer.

If Animal Control were doing their job however the tragedy never would have occurred - the dog had 2 prior bite incidents - so it was a dangerous dogs - if that dog were living in a city such as Calgary - or Halifax - it probably would have been seized - and this 3rd and final incident would never had happened.  But unfortunately it did - and now every dog and dog owner in Montreal - and probably ultimately Quebec now has to deal with the fallout.

The new bylaw comes into effect on October 3rd, 2016 and the most publicized part of it is the breed specific ban that has pit bulls becoming outlawed in the city - no new pit bulls can be owned in the city after that date and owning that breed is going to become very difficult for those dogs and their owners. They have to:
- pay a $150 registration fee
- this special permit must be done by December 31, 2016
- submit to a criminal background check
- muzzle their dogs at all times - even in their own backyards - the muzzles have to be worn effective October 3, 2016
- not allow anyone under 18 to walk their dogs - even members of their own family
- must be kept on a 1.25 metre leash
- owners can only have one pit bull type dog

If your pit bull type dog has been deemed a "potentially dangerous dog" you must also:
- have a poster visible from the front of your house that there is a potentially dangerous dog in your house
- the dog can never be closer than 2 meters from a child - except for any children that reside in the home

And a "potentially dangerous dog" doesn't have to be a pit bull type dog - it can be any dog that - tries to bite or attack, that bites or attacks, that commits an act likely to prejudice the safety of a person or an animal of a species permitted in accordance with Section 3; (ie dog, cat, rabbit, toad, frog, fish etc.,)

And for the record - what is "likely to prejudice the safety of a person or animal"? That isn't even attack or bite - that is something completely other and different - and is something that is I've talked about previously when talking about ridiculous dog bylaws.

So that's what is specific to pit bull type dogs - but there are a lot of things that all dogs - including pit bull type dogs and their owners also have to contend with under this newly revised dog bylaw in Montreal that are quite scary for people who are worried about intrusive laws.

ALL dogs and cats in the city of Montreal MUST be sterilized - unless they can prove that it is a purebreed dog from a recognized purebred registry ie a CKC registered dog. So they now have mandatory sterilization for every pet dog and cat in Montreal - which has to be done by December 31, 2019 - they also must be microchipped and show proof of proper vaccination.

All dogs and cats must be licenced - $25 for a sterilized non-pit-bull-type dog, $10 for a cat or face fines starting at $300.

If your dog is more than 20 kg you have to walk your dog with a harness.

There is also a strict limit on the amount of pets you can have in your home of 4 pets - 2 dogs - and a mix of any other pets - cats, rabbits, toads, fish or whatever else - and only one of those dogs can be a pit bull type dog. You can apply for a special permit to allow for a 3rd dog if you have more than 2 dogs. So like with Sophie's Choice if you currently have more than 3 dogs - you are going to have to decide which dogs you are going to give up.

You are not allowed to walk more than 2 dogs at a time under any circumstances - and nobody under 18 is allowed to walk dogs.

When you go to dog parks you are not allowed to bring any toys in with you - no balls, no chuck-its, no frisbee's - no nothings. Pit bull type dogs are allowed to go to dog parks but they of course must be muzzled.

Your dog is also not allowed to bark - at all, any time - ever. And your cat is also not allowed to meow.

And don't let your cat outside - any cats that are found will be euthanized - so if your cat escapes - by the sound of the bylaw - unless it's licenced (and hopefully because of that it will get a free ride home) - it will be euthanized.

As well - they have it written into their bylaw that if they believe you are harbouring a prohibited pit bull in your home - they can - without a search warrant - enter your home and search it from top to bottom - in order to seize that dog and euthanize it.

Euthanize is actually written in Montreal's dog bylaw 13 times. Montreal really seems to want to kill the city's dogs.

So what exactly does the city of Montreal consider a "pit bull type dog?"

1) a purebred American Pit bull terrier American Staffordshire Terrier or Staffordshire bull terrier;
2) a dog from a cross between one of the breeds listed in paragraph 1 and another dog;
3) a dog that has several morphological characteristics of the breeds and the crosses listed in paragraphs 1 and 2;

So basically it's anything that has short hair and a wide forehead. People have been trying to figure out who is going to decide what the city considers to be a pit bull and nobody has figured that out yet. All anyone can figure out so far is that there is no appeal process with the new bylaw - so that if your dog is seized - it is going to be euthanized and there is nothing you can do about it.

So what does all of this mean? To me it means that basically there's a war on dogs in the city of Montreal - a city where it's tough to be a dog anyway - every year 100's if not 1000's of dogs are dumped every July when people move - dog ownership in Quebec seems to be different than it is in other places in the country it seems - so making dog ownership even more difficult in Quebec seems quite ridiculous.

And making dog ownership so expensive by having to have all these special permits and a background checks for pit bull type dogs is going to make it almost impossible for people who are struggling to put food on the table for the humans in the family - it just won't be viable for the dogs in the family.

Maybe that's the mayor of Montreal wants - he wants everyone to have to surrender their dogs or dump their dogs at the shelters, it's really quite awful.

And it's written into the bylaw that any unowned pit bull type dogs cannot be rehomed - they have to be killed - so there are going to be a lot of pit bull type dogs murdered in Montreal after October 3rd because of this bylaw.

And it's all for nothing - the overwhelming science says that pit bull type dogs are no different than any other type of dogs - dogs are invdividuals - just like humans are.

But the councillors and mayor of Montreal said they decided to go with "common sense" and not "science" - that's what they actually said. Unbelievable.

Right now there are rescues everywhere saying they are wanting to get pit bulls out of Montreal - but I don't think that's the answer - I always think that the better answer is to keep dogs with their original owners if that's at all possible.

There is a rescue - "Prairie Pit Bull Rescue" who have pledged $20,000 of their own money to help pay current pit bull owners who can't afford the $150 to pay for special permit to help them pay for the onerous fees - you can read about in a fabulous post that they wrote - here  - I think that this is the best idea that I've come across - rather than trying to move mythical pit bulls that might or might not exist and giving to gofundme campaigns for non-existent dogs.

The Montreal SPCA has said they don't even have any pit bulls in their shelters because they placed all the dogs they had prior to the bylaw being passed - so if you see any gofundme campaigns asking for money to bring pit bulls to your area - please hold off giving any of your hard earned money.

The Montreal SPCA has also launched a lawsuit in response to new bylaw asking for a judicial review and to suspend the application of the sections of the by-law targeting “Pit bull type dogs” in order to then have these sections declared illegal, null, and without effect by Quebec’s Superior Court. So the fight for this horrible bylaw isn't over yet. You can read more about this at 

If you want to help with the SPCA's legal challenge - you can donate to the cause at

If you want to read the bylaw - you can go to

Perhaps the worst part of this is that in the near future the whole province of Quebec is going to enact breed specific legislation - if that happens they will follow the province of Ontario and with  this very horrible misguided law - and because they are 2 most heavily populated provinces in Canada - 60% of the population of Canada will be under breed specific legislation.  That is a very sad number.

We are all outraged out Montreal - but there are areas in Nova Scotia that also have BSL - so dogs are in danger here as well - if you want to read about that - click here -

Saturday, September 10, 2016

More conversations need to be happening about outdoor cats in Nova Scotia

This week Inge Sadler - who is the saviour for preemie kittens in Nova Scotia - she runs Pick of the Litter Rescue - posted a video of a kitten that was so heartbreaking it was almost too much to take.

videoA newborn kitten with maggots literally eating the anal region of the poor little soul - he didn't make it - just like his littermates - but hopefully his mother will with a lot of veterinary intervention now that she's under the care of a loving rescue - but for outdoor cats in Nova Scotia, this is not rare.

This suffering goes on everyday and Inge deals with this regularly although she almost never talks about it - she just goes about the business of saving the kittens and doing what she can.

We generally only hear about dog rescue stories and most of them are feel good stories and the puppies and dogs are very cute but the thing about cats and kittens is that there are so many more of them out there than there are dogs and puppies and people view them as much more disposable and throw them away - and there is still the mentality that cats should be able to go outside whenever they want.

There needs to be a paradigm shift to make cat ownership as important and dear as dog ownership - cats when treated right live longer than dogs generally and they definitely have as much personality as dogs as evidenced by the millions of cat videos on the internet - there must be some way that the suffering of these animals can be lessened.

There are some projects in Nova Scotia that is trying to work towards this - currently there is a huge TNR project underway - the HRM has given $50,000 to HRM Spay Day to spay and neuter cats which is awesome and they are doing their best to alter as many cats as they can - you can find out more about it on their website at

The Nova Scotia SPCA also has a couple of initiatives that they hope will try to lessen the suffering.  They have 2 low cost spay/neuter clinics - one in Dartmouth and one in the Cape Breton Regional Municipality that you can apply to have your animal altered for a much reduced price - you can learn more about that service at - they have also bought a mobile spay/neuter van which initially will focus on TNR projects across the province - you can read more about it in a Metro news article - here

Hopefully things like this will put a dent in the cat problem in Nova Scotia and cats and kittens won't suffer like they are now and have in the past - we also have to make the government continue to step up like the Halifax Regional Municipality has with their $50,000 for the feral cats - we have been saying forever that dog owners are tax payers - well cat owners are also tax payers - let's have them represent that demographic as well.

Thursday, September 8, 2016

New Brunswick continues on as a major puppy mill contributor to Canada

New Brunswick and Quebec have been historically the puppy mill capitals of Canada because of their lax animal cruelty laws and New Brunswick continues to prove it with the recent news of the rescue of 26 small breed dogs at the beginning of September.

They were between the ages of 2 and 13 years old and were given up because of health issues with their owner - most of them were immediately put into new homes - but 7 of them have come to Nova Scotia and require extensive vetereinary care and are needing to fundraise about $10,000 because all the dogs have major dental issues - some have decay up into their nasal passages it's so bad.

This is nothing new for puppy mills in New Brunswick though - a few years ago a veterinarian in New Brunswick - a Dr. Ted Morris - said about a dog that after his seizure from Chapman Kennels and had to have all but 3 of his pulled "the Maltese was a working dog and would survive well with his K-9 teeth" - he said that because he didn't feel that breeding dogs in a kennel needed teeth in order to do their job - produce puppies for the owners of the puppy mill.

That was in relation to Chapman Kennels - a kennel in New Brunswick that in one day - KILLED - 175 of their dogs because they were shutting down their operation and didn't feel like they could sell breeding their dogs anywhere.

You could ask yourself - how could this happen? Well New Brunswick is different from other provinces in that the New Brunswick SPCA actually licences breeders. They give them a seal of approval. Which to some seems it can be a bit dangerous. It could seem to be giving people looking for a healthy puppy a false sense of security.  Chapman Kennels was a licenced breeder.

We don't know if the kennel that these 26 dogs came from at the beginning of September was licenced or not - or whether or not this case was even just a hoarder who let things get out of control, but we one thing we do know is that this person was a CKC registered breeder, and we do know that there has been no complaint lodged against this person before the dogs were dispersed - so probably this person is not going to face any charges from the New Brunswick SPCA. So all the suffering done by those 26 dogs is going to done in vain. Which is a shame.

If you want to find out more about the 7 dogs that are in Nova Scotia and donate to their veterinary care you can go to the facebook page of Canadian Dachshund Rescue Atlantic Region

Here is a CBC News Article about the story

Nova Scotia group needs money for rescued dachshunds

7 dogs were rescued from a home in New Brunswick and brought to Nova Scotia

by Steve Berry

The Atlantic Canadian Dachshund Rescue, a group that connects unwanted or seized wiener dogs with homes and medical treatment, is appealing for $10,000 in support after seven dogs it recently saved in New Brunswick were found to have severe health problems.

Heather Curran, a volunteer with the not-for-profit group, began fostering one of the dogs a week ago. She said the eight-year-old male dog, named Madison, needed to have all his teeth removed.

"His mouth was completely rotten. All of his teeth were completely rotten ... His mouth was a mess," said Curran.

'Special little dogs'

Madison is on a diet of mashed dog food. When he came to Curran last Sunday, he stayed in his crate with his tail between his legs. After a few days, Madison is constantly by Curran's side. The dog doesn't bark or lick and he doesn't know how to do any tricks.

"They're special little dogs. They're very loving and sweet," Curran said.

Madison was one of 26 dogs — 19 of which were dachshunds — recently seized from one New Brunswick home. The owner injured herself and was hospitalized, and a local kennel club stepped in to help the dogs. Seven dachshunds came to Nova Scotia while 12 went to foster homes in New Brunswick.

More money needed for treatment

The Atlantic Canadian Dachshund Rescue usually treats an average of seven dogs a year that come into their care with minor health issues. This year, it's going to be more costly. The group spent $1,500 to pay for Madison's dental work and it still has six more dogs in need of treatment.

"To help these other dogs, it basically means an extreme amount of money coming to us from kind people or organizations so we can get them in surgery ... It is that bad," said rescue president, Diane Redden.

Redden said the group's yearly fundraisers like Weinerpalooza at Shubie Park in Dartmouth, provide the funds they need for basic care. She estimates it will take more than $10,000 to finance the surgeries needed for the other six dogs.

Better future for dogs

Redden said all of the dogs have dental issues, with several needing complete tooth extractions.

"The important thing is that they get the care they need, making sure their futures are better than what they came from," said Redden.

Redden said the group doesn't blame the previous owner for the conditions the dogs were living in, but is grateful the owner came forward when the dogs' care became too much.

Saturday, July 23, 2016

2016 Canadian Animal Protection Laws Rankings from the ALDF

The Aninal League Defence Fund does an annual report of Animal Protection laws listed by province in Canada every year. They are an American organization, but for some reason they do this report - and we are lucky to have it done for us.

For 2016 Manitoba has ranked number one and Nova Scotia has ranked number two - we have come up through the rankings in the last few years - mostly through the hard work of animal advocates who have lobbied government to have our animal protection laws changed.

It's interesting the reasons why Manitoba is number one and we are number two - I listened to a radio interview today with a representative from the ALDF and she talked about the reasons why Manitoba is number one and she said a big reason why is because they have provincial laws on their books that ban dog fighting - this is interesting because dog fighting is covered in the Federal criminal code - but those laws have remain largely unchanged since 1892 and are largely un-enforceable so very few convictions are ever made through those laws - so to enact provnicial laws for dog fighting would bring that industry some justice if it ever came to having to lay charges for that crime.

I have personally always found it ridiculous when I see it written in municipal bylaws around our province like the Town of Antigonish who have a section in their bylaw which reads:

Section 1(m) "Fierce or dangerous" includes without being limited to:
Any dog which is owned, trained or harboured primarily or in part for the purpose of dog fighting,

That is only one of four different designations of what the Town of Antigonish defines as being a fierce and dangerous dog - so does that mean by extension that it is legal to own a dog that is owned, trained or harboured primarily or in part for the purpose of dog fighting in the town of Antigonish if you obey by their rules for owning fierce and dangerous dogs in their town?

And also - because dogs owned for dog fighting are obviously legal in the town of Antigonish - does this mean that dog fighting is also legal?  It's an obvious question that has to be asked.

So back to the reasons why we made it to number two in the ALDF listing = our principal protection apply to most species - not just cats and dogs

  • We have defnitions and also standards of care for animals - which we long fought for
  • We have a recognition that there is psychological harm that is done to animals
  • We have no provincial breed specific legisliation - they may not know that we do have pockets of bsl within the province (Clarks Harbour, town of Digby, Richmond County, the district of the municipality of Antigonish, the district of the municipality of Guysborough)
  • Penalties may include large fines and incarcerations
  • Animal Protection Officers may requrest person in dwelling to produce animal for inspection
  • Possible seizure of mistreated animals
  • Pre-judgment forfeiture of animal when abandoned in critical distress (for euthanasia purposes) or if owner is unfit/animal may be harmed if returned
  • Court may order forfeiture of animals and restrictions on future ownership or possession of animals upon conviction
  • Mandatory reporting of suspected animal cruelty by veterinarians

Things that the ALDF thought would be good to our animal protection act which would take it to the next level are things like:

  1. Prohibitions related to animal fighting
  2. Mandatory terms of incarceration for certain offenders
  3. Mandatory fines
  4. Mental health evaluations /counselling
  5. Mandatory seizure of mistreated animals 
  6. Duty of Peace Officers to assist in the enforcement of animal protection legislation.
Those would all be nice things for sure - as would the regulations for rescues, and tougher sentences for people who abuse their animals  - but we all know that none of these things are ever going to happen.

Tuesday, July 19, 2016

Regulations regarding Animal Rescues in Nova Scotia

in 2014 the Minister of Agriculture Keith Colwell committed to meeting with the animal advocate community in Nova Scotia once a year regarding the animal protection laws and in December 2014 new regulations were passed in the province making the tethering of dogs 24/7 illegal, along with other things to protect animals in Nova Scotia like the banning of dogs being allowed in the back of trucks and requiring that any animal that is bought or sold must be accompanied by a certificate of health from a veterinarian.

We met again with Minister Colwell in January 2016 to see how the new regulations were going and he asked our group if there was anything we thought could be added to the regulations to make it a better document - and I suggested that perhaps we could add regulations around animal rescues.

Minister Colwell gave us until December 2016 when we meet with him again to write these regulations.

Currently Nova Scotia is just like everywhere else and anyone can say they are starting a rescue, start fundraising and never take in a rescue - or - people can be running a rescue - and start fundraising for an animal that they haven't actually had surrendered to them - or adopt out animals that haven't received any veterinarian care at all - or adopt out animals that are sick.  These are all things that happened with rescues here in Nova Scotia and are highly un-ethical - and when it happens paint all rescues with the same brush.

There are also businesses out there who try to masquerade as rescues - puppy fllippers - who SAY they are a rescue - when in fact they are businesses - and there are businesses out there - who are registered as businesses at the Registry of Joint Stocks - who have "RESCUE" at the end of their business name - who solicit for fundraising - which is just so wrong on many levels.

When an animal needs help in Nova Scotia - they should all land into the same soft arms no matter which rescue they happen to be taken into - and that's currently not happening.  And having a standard code of ethics, and regulations that the NS SPCA will enforce will help that.

There are a lot of great rescues in Nova Scotia - run by single individuals, and by groups of people - we all do it because we want to help animals.  Any rescue that is doing it for the right reasons will welcome these regulations.

Recently a small group of rescues met with the Nova Scotia SPCA to go over what the regulations should look like - and as well - the NS SPCA is looking at adding another layer - they are looking at adding a certification process which will be completely voluntary that a rescue can apply for where they can get a "seal of approval" from the NS SPCA.

At this point -- the NS SPCA has taken over the writing of the regulations - and they are going to submit what they believe can get passed to Minister Colwell by the fall.  Their concern is that there might be an election soon - and if there is - we might lose this  window to have these regulations added on a timely basis.

I wrote what I would like to see in the regulations but I know probably very little of it will make it into the final document - I put everything in there that I wanted - the "Five freedoms"; a section on positive dog training so that rescue dogs never have a shock collar put on them; a line making Nova Scotia dogs a priority; and that dogs receive required veterinary care.

If you would like input on the proposed regulations - you can contact me at and I will forward your concerns to the NS SPCA.

Here is what I wrote that I hope the NS SPCA will take into consideration:

Regulations respecting Animal Rescues in Nova Scotia

These regulations will not be a certification process for animal rescues in Nova Scotia

Registration will be through the Nova Scotia Joint Stock Registry that is already in place through their Society registration process

Animal Rescue for the purpose of these regulations is a person, organization or other legal entity operating in Nova Scotia that engages in the activities of transferring ownership of a domestic animal and does so on a not-for-profit basis.

Animal is a cat or a dog 

Rescues will adhere to the “Five Freedoms”

  1. Freedom from Hunger and Thirst
    • By ready access to fresh water and a diet to maintain full health and vigour;
  2. Freedom from discomfort
    • By providing an appropriate environment including shelter and a comfortable resting area;
  3. Freedom from pain, injury or disease
    • By prevention or by rapid diagnosis and treatment;
  4. Freedom to express normal behaviour
    • By providing sufficient space, proper facilities and company of the animals; own kind;
  5. By ensuring conditions and treatment to avoid mental suffering.

Assessment quarantine and veterinary care:
When an animal is surrendered to a private rescue, as soon as time permits they will:
  • Be examined by a vet/vet technician to examine the dog’s health
  • Evaluate each animal exercising good judgment in the placement of that individual animal to the best matching home/environment. Rescue groups will not knowingly place a vicious or dangerously unstable animal in an adoptive home.  Full disclosure of any known issues is provided to the adopter in writing at the time of adoption.
  • To always make the ultimate goal of our decisions the quality of life for the dog. At the point where quality of life cannot be obtained in the opinion of the rescue, the animal will be evaluated and euthanized by a veterinarian.
  • To provide appropriate routine veterinary care of all rescue animals including age appropriate vaccinations, spay or neuter, internal and external parasite treatments, flea preventatives, and any other veterinary care that is required to make the animal healthy and ready for their adoptive home
  • All animals adopted out must be supplied with a veterinary health certificate

Fostering and care of animals:
  • Rescue must carefully screen its own foster homes including home inspection, personal and vet references
  • Rescue shall ensure that all animals in their care are provided with proper nutrition, water, personal attention and exercise while in foster care
  • Foster families must sign a declaration that they have never been convicted of an offence involving animal cruelty or have an animal in their possession that’s been convicted of having a dog that’s attacked another dog

  • All rescues have a standard procedure that is followed for every adoption that includes a thorough application, a home visit and meet and greet with the animal and all members of the adoptive family before the rescue approves the home
  • Rescues have return policies in their contract that the animal must be returned to them should the adopter find themselves unwilling or unable to keep the animal. They are prepared to accept every returned animal no matter the circumstance.
  • Include the cost of spay/neuter in the adoption fee and complete the adoption.
  • Charge standard adoption fees – not based on popularity on breed of animal

  • Rescues will only take in the amount of animals and animals with health issues that they can financially handle
  • Rescues will only fundraise for animals once the animal has been officially surrendered to the organization

  • Rescues have a mission with a specific goal
  • Rescues have standard written policies by which they abide
  • Rescues will operate on a voluntary basis with no paid staff or formal employees
  • Rescues will ensure through notarization in their adoption contract that adoptive homes will only utilize positive methods in regards to training – and not aversive methods such as shock collars, prong collars or similar articles.
  • Written records will be maintained for each dog that comes into care that states:
    • Where the animal came from, with the name, address and phone number of surrendering party with their signed owner release document, or the shelter the animal came from with any original shelter documentation
    • The surrender contract will specifically state that the legal ownership of the animal is being transferred to the rescue. Upon signing the contract the person or facility surrendering the dog has no further legal or other claim to the animal.
    •  Information which identifies the adopter, date of adoption and name of rescue representative completing the adoption contract and the name of the foster home
    •  Documentation for any other type of discharge from the rescue program, such as transfer to another organization, euthanasia, etc. And identifying the receiving party, the date and circumstances
    • Contains a summary of all medical procedures performed on the animal, by whom and the dates
    • To keep all records, including the contracts, for a minimum of 10 years
  • To make animals needing rescue in Nova Scotia a priority
  • To act appropriately when accepting an animal that was found as a stray – to contact the local Animal Control Department, the Nova Scotia SPCA, and the Nova Scotia Lost Dog Network, and to have the animal scanned for a microchip to make sure the animal is not an owned animal
  • Rescues are absolutely not engaged in the breeding of animals

Tuesday, May 3, 2016

This week is National Emergency Preparedness Week

After Hurricane Katrina hit in 2005 I became slightly obsessed with survivalism and how to "bug out" with me and the dogs if I ever needed to - especially after having gone through Hurricane Juan in 2004 - so I wrote a really long post about how to survive an emergency and what things to compile if we ever had an emergency here - it's got a lot of good stuff in it - so in honour of National Emergency Preparedness Week I thought I'd share it again so you and your pets could be safe and you don't have to leave them behind unnecessarily should a disaster happen - the link to the post is - 

Monday, March 21, 2016

Gail Benoit is back in business - but it's not Kijiji's fault

Gail Benoit - who has been in the business of selling unhealthy companion animals in Nova Scotia as far back as 2001 - has surfaced again on Kijiji selling maine coon kittens - for some reason she seems to be selling kittens now instead of puppies at the moment - and social media is on fire.

This was an ad posted on kijiji a couple weeks ago where Ms. Benoit is alleged to have been selling these kittens - and unfortunately someone took her up on the offer and paid $300 for one and $180 for the other.

Unfortunately the kittens the purchaser received didn't look like these kittens - but luckily for the person the kittens are healthy and hopefully will live a long and happy life - unlike a lot of other animals that Benoit has sold over the years.

There has been a lot of talk over the years about Kijiji selling live animals and that they shouldn't be doing it because of people like Gail Benoit - but the thing is - with everything purchased on online buying sites - it really is buyer beware - you have to do your research.

If Kijiji stopped selling animals - there are literally tons of other places to buy live animals in Nova Scotia where Benoit could - and I'm sure - does - sell her product - so it really doesn't matter whether Kijiji stops selling animals - the grift will continue to go on.

What we really need to do is just use these opportunities to educate the public about acquiring animals.

I personally recently acquired a much beloved puppy - from Kijiji - from a breeder within Nova Scotia who -

- let me visit the puppy anytime I wanted
- both parents were on site
- I received a health certificate (which is required by law in Nova Scotia)
- all the dogs in the care of the breeder were in the home and treated like pets
- the puppy was well socialized by the time I received him
- I am still in contact with the breeder for any ongoing questions I may have

All these things are really important - and you should be able to ask a ton of questions for any animal you are purchasing - it doesn't matter where the place is that you hear about the animal you want to get the animal from - whether it's kijiji or Petfinder or wherever - it's the research and the amount of work you put into it.

People spend weeks killing themselves trying to figure out which kind of phone to buy - but then they impulse buy a dog that's going to share their bed for the next 15 years - it doesn't make sense.

So don't blame kijiji for allowing Gail Benoit to continue her shafting people - blame ourselves for continuing to meet people in parking lots to buy animals that may be just hours from dying through no fault of their own.

Thursday, March 10, 2016

Nova Scotia's rescue community is not short on small breed dogs

Nova Scotia is not immune to the current fad of groups forming to import dogs from the United States and other parts of Canada.

Usually they say it's because there is a shortage of small breed dogs that come into rescue in our province - they also say that it's because we are a no-kill province, so dogs aren't in danger here like they are in other places on the continent, so there's no urgency for rescue dogs here - and a "life is a life, no matter where the dog is".

While I agree with the statement that a life is a life no matter where that life is - there are dogs who are in danger here in Nova Scotia.

Because we are a no-kill province - there is a limit on the amount of dogs that can come into rescue at any given moment, because we don't kill for space, or for the health condition of the animal that's in rescue, so sometimes a dog can be in foster care or a shelter for months at a time - taking up space until he finds his perfect forever home - meaning that dogs who do need to be rescued - and are sometimes in very precarious spots - being chained outside in very unsafe conditions, or in a home that is in very bad conditions - cannot come into rescue because there's just no place for him to go - so because of that - there are dogs suffering right here in Nova Scotia for lack of good homes..

By bringing in these imported dogs - we are taking away forever homes for dogs that are already looking for homes from native Nova Scotia dogs - which to me is not a good thing.

Until there are no Nova Scotian dogs who need homes - we should not be importing dogs from California, Texas, Cancun, or wherever.

I don't think we shouldn't be helping them - but we can help them by supporting them where they are - sponsoring them, donating to the shelters where they are, and doing things like that - but we don't need to bring them here.  It is hurting the dogs who are already here.

And as to the myth being perpetuated that there are no small dogs coming into rescue in Nova Scotia - that is a big fat myth that needs to be dispelled - small dogs - and puppies - come into rescue just as much as big dogs - sometimes you just need to wait a little while and have a bit of patience.

The key is to contact responsible rescues - tell them that a small dog is the type of dog that suits your lifestyle the best - and get pre-approved for that type of dog - and then when one comes in - it can go directly to you - any responsible rescue will work with you - and there are lots of rescues who will do that.  I have a list of responsible rescues on my Charlie Loves Halifax page at - Charlie's links -

And if you need some more confirmation - here are some pictures of rescue dogs that have passed through my doors in the last few years - and notice their size - and I am just one rescuer out of literally hundreds in the province of Nova Scotia - and yes, these dogs all found wonderful forever homes within the province of Nova Scotia.

And maybe the most famous of all small rescue dogs - Buttercup - who was adopted from the Nova Scotia SPCA in August 2003

Friday, February 5, 2016

Heads up to local dog rescues - you have to licence your rescue dogs

So it has come to light that because of the recently passed A700 in the Halifax Regional Municipality that dogs coming into foster who are going to be in foster for longer than 20 days now have to be licenced with the Municipality in order to be in compliance with the bylaw.  This also applies to any puppy being born within the municipality, whether the puppy is born from a backyard breeder or a CKC kennel.

Under the old A300 you had 60 days before you had to licence your dog - what it used to say was:

Licensing Of Dogs 3
(1) No person shall own a dog within the Municipality without having obtained a license from the License Administrator within ten (10) days after the person becomes the owner of the dog, brings the dog into the Municipality or annually before the expiration of any current license.
(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), a person who possesses, has the care of, has the control of or harbours a dog for less than sixty (60) days is not required to license the dog.

What A700 now says is:

Licensing Of Dogs
5. (1) No person shall own a dog within the Municipality without having obtained a license from the License Administrator:
(a) within twenty (20) calendar days after the person becomes the owner of the dog or brings the dog into the Municipality; or
(b) an annual license, before the expiration of any current license; or
(c) a lifetime license for the dog.

It has come to light because a local rescue's foster dog got out of a backyard and went for a very short walkabout and Animal Control got involved and the local rescue got issued a summary offence ticket for harbouring a dog without a licence - they had the dog in foster for longer than 20 days and hadn't got a tag for him.

I can say with pretty much utmost confidence that no one in rescue knew about this law.

Rescue's budgets are pushed to the limit now - and now we have to add this cost to our bottom line - pretty much unacceptable as far as I'm concerned because most responsible rescues have dogs in foster for longer than 20 days.

When a dog comes into rescue they take a few days to destress - then they go to the vet to be vaccinated. Most veterinarians require at least a week to 10 days between vaccination and spay/neuter - so you are now at 14 days - and then another 10 days waiting for the stitches to come out - and now you are at 24 days before the dog is even available for adoption - and if the dog requires more intensive vet or rehabilitation it could be a couple of months before they are available for adoption - I have personally had dogs in foster for 6 months before they are available for adoption - and then it could be a couple of months before the perfect forever home is found.

So 20 days is really a un-workable number.

I emailed Andrea MacDonald who oversees questions about bylaw A700 at the city asking her if there was some exemption or some answers that could be had with this problem - and her answer was:

"Our licensing system is set up to accommodate such situations. For example, when a dog comes into your care a license can be purchased with you as the primary owner. When the dog is fostered or adopted a secondary owner can be placed on the license. The license record can always contain the rescue contact information and the foster/adopted contact information. This can be very beneficially should the dog potentially get loose at any time, Animal Service will attempt to contact all individuals that are listed on the license record.

In addition, the cost to have the dog licensed can then be recovered through your adoption fee."

So now rescues have to do the extra paperwork of licencing every dog that comes into our rescue - and then when the dog is adopted - have the new owners added on to the tag - what about the next year, and subsequent years when the tag needs to be renewed - does the rescue have to keep renewing the tag? Does the owner do that or the rescue?

And adding another fee on top of our adoption fee? Most people looking for dogs already think our adoption fees are too high - so what are they going to think when we all have to raise our prices?

We all had an increase last year when we had to get Health Certificates added to our cost with the new regulations - which cost anywhere from $40 to $80 depending on the vet you go to - so now we are using our hard fought for fundraising dollars paying municipal fees and provincial fees - soon the government is going to add HST to adoption fees - that's going to be the next thing that's going to happen I think.

If we don't comply with this we are going to turn all of our foster homes into criminals - and what foster home is going to want to be a criminal - we are going to lose all our foster homes over this - and we all know - without foster homes a rescue cannot exist

If you have a concern over this I suggest as a person running a rescue inside the HRM you contact your Municipal Councillor to give your opinion - another fallout from A700.

If you do want to comply - most veterinarians take applications for city tags - so when you take your dogs in for their initial veterinary consultation - you can get their tags then.

Like as if we don't already have to deal with enough with our rescue organizations.

Wednesday, December 16, 2015

What to do when you find a stray dog in Nova Scotia

In the last week there has been a lot of news about a dog that was found in Hant's county named George.  He was found by a couple of very compassionate people who took him into their home and he had very obviously been seriously abused by some terribly awful people.  He had life threatening injuries to his body that could only be explained as having been done by long standing abuse. I'm not going to post the pictures that have been circulating facebook because they're just too raw. Suffice it to say they are severe.

The finders took him in last Wednesday, and they had the best of intentions but there were a few things that weren't done right away so I think it needs to get out there what needs to be done if you find a stray dog or you think a dog's been abandoned in Nova Scotia - or you find a dog that's been lost so that he can get back to his loving owners.

In 2010 I wrote a post called "Think Lost, not Stray" - at that time there was a movement in the States to start thinking about lost dogs as not stray dogs - but just dogs who were lost and trying to find their way home - it was a new concept and one that was growing.  And then in 2011 - I wrote a post called "Reuniting Lost Dogs with their Owners could be a Paradigm Shift in the Humane Movement" - and it was about the newly formed group "Nova Scotia Lost Dogs Network" here in Nova Scotia and how they were reuniting lost dogs with their owners.

Since then NSLDN has reunited literally thousands of dogs with their owners, (they have over 21,000 members) - saving the shelter system from having to take them on and saving tax payers untold amounts of money from having to house and try to figure out who the dogs belong to.  It truly has been a paradigm shift in the humane movement.  In 2008 the NS SPCA said that 75% of the dogs they took in were stray dogs - I don't imagine they'd say that statistic still holds true today.

So what should you do when you find a stray dog in Nova Scotia?

A couple things, and a couple things you should know -

#1 is that you don't own the stray dog that you've just found. Finders are not keepers.  Really, the original owner is still the owner - and it is your local animal control is the interim owner - the dog may have a microchip in him that can bring the dog home immediately - and there's no way you can know that.

#2 If the dog has been severely abused like the dog George was - the NS SPCA should be contacted immediately along with your local Animal Control and the NSLDN - because the dog is not only a dog - but he is also the lone piece of evidence in an animal cruelty case and he needs to be properly and completely documented in his current condition that you found him in - if he isn't the whole cruelty case could be completely compromised and any chance a conviction of animal cruelty for the original owner could be totally lost.

In the case of poor George - according to Facebook posts - the NS SPCA was not contacted until Saturday - so there 4 days that went before George's condition wasn't properly documented - which is a huge time lag.

So there are a few things you should do when you find a stray dog - you've either seen it, or you've been able to catch it - you call your local animal control to come pick him up, and you contact the Nova Scotia Lost Dog Network so they can put the word out that he's been found - the owners may have already contacted them to say that their dog has been lost and they will come directly to your house to pick him up and bypass Animal Control altogether.

And if the dog shows signs of obvious abuse - also contact the NS SPCA so that they can liaise with the Animal Control department to start a case file on the dog.

If you decide that you love this dog you've just found - if the owner is never found - you can apply either to the Animal Control department or the SPCA - wherever he ultimately ends up - to adopt the dog - and then he's rightfully yours to own.

I run a dog rescue here in Nova Scotia - I rescue dogs that have been chained up their whole lives and I've received several emails from people who believe that their neighbours have abandoned their dogs after they've moved away - and they want me to come get the dog immediately - but I have told them I can't do that - because to just come get the dog is theft - I have always had to investigate further, and there's always been a story behind it.

Either the owners have been coming to feed the dog everyday and ultimately came and gotten the dog - or in one case the owner thought that the dog had been fed by someone, and when they found out the dog wasn't being fed - they agreed to let me have the dog - but it was with the owners agreement (who was living out west) that I took the dog - I would never just go and take a dog that looked abandoned without trying to find out why he was there - unless of course it was in the middle of the woods - and then I would call the proper authorities - because that would be a case for the SPCA because that is cruelty.

So hopefully this clears things up a bit about what to do if you find a stray dog - the best case scenario is that he's going to have a microchip in him and he'll be able to get home immediately - and if not, the next best thing is that he's already listed as being lost on NSLDN - but you should contact your local Animal Control department so that if his owners are looking for him they'll be able to find him there - and if he's obviously been abused - that is a case that the NS SPCA should be contacted about so that when his owners are found they can be charged with animal cruelty.

That is how things should be done so that justice is done for the dog and the dog can find his way home.

Sunday, December 6, 2015

Crystal Crescent on a beautiful Sunday afternoon

This is what living in Nova Scotia is all about - you can drive 20 minutes from the biggest city on the east coast of Canada and arrive at a beach and you are completely alone with your dog.

It was so beautiful at Crystal Crescent beach today - such a nice day to get out with the dog and have a nice long walk, with nobody around but the dog - Tia had such a great time running around the rocks - she's really in great shape for being a 13 year old dog - she loved it there.

I have to say that Crystal Crescent has always been my favourite place for walking the dogs because it's so barren - the part I go to is on private property and has a sign saying that that the owner says "enjoy the beach, please pick up your garbage and leave nothing behind" - so people are allowed to be there - it's a secret little treasure for the few people who go there - it's a totally awesome place.

I saw this sneaker on the rocks today - it made me wonder if it might belong to one of the unfortunate men who went overboard this week on dumping day - it was on the same beach that I saw several wrecked lobster traps :(

Saturday, December 5, 2015

What is the difference between Animal Control Departments and the SPCA?

There is a very clear distinction drawn between Animal Control departments and SPCA's that I don't think a lot of people know about or that they find confusing. So I'm going to let you know what the differences are so that we no longer have to call the wrong department anymore when a dog is either causing a problem or when a dog is in danger.

Animal Control departments exist to protect people from dogs. If a dog is causing a problem in your neighbourhood - barking incessently, running at large and causing a nuisance, if you feel afraid that a dog is going to escape his back yard and come to attack you while you're walking down your street and you feel afraid in your own neighbourhood because of that dog. If you believe a dog fighting organization is running in your neighbourhood - those are all calls you should make to your animal control department by calling 311 in the hrm

If a dog is running loose in the neighbourhood and no one can catch him - you call Animal Control and they will come and catch him and impound him - hopefully he is microchipped, or been listed on the Nova Scotia Lost dog Neightwork and can be reuinited quickly.

The NS SPCA is the only organization in Nova Scotia "empowered under the provincial Animal Protection Act to investigate complaints of animal cruelty; help secure the arrest, conviction and punishment of all persons violating the Act; and, when necessary, seize animals from situations of cruelty or neglect."

So if you see a dog has been living on your street and is tethered regularly for more than 12 hours at a time and you have documented that and you can see him suffereing - this is not a case for Animal Control - they don't deal with those call.

So if you see a dog suffering in some way - you contact the SPCA - they protect dogs from people - which is the opposite of what Animal Control does - and a lot people get this confused.

If you can figure out the different responsibilities of the SPCA and Animal Control - you have learned a lot.

Anial Control doesn't really care about the situation of the dog - they just to make sure that the dog is not hurting people.

When the SPCA is involved they want to make sure that people are not hurting dogs.

It's as simple as that.

The HRM has made this distinction very clear in their bylaw - more clear than just about every city in the country - there is almost care about cats or dogs in their bylaw - there are other bylaws across the country - and the HRM compared their bylaw to 17 other bylaws when they were doing their research to update the bylaw from A300 to A700 - and some of those bylaws do have sections in them that take into consideration the health, safety and comfort of dogs and cats - but the HRM chose to leave all of those qualities from our bylaw for some reason. There is nothing positive in our bylaw - it is all reactive and directed at charging people for offences.

One could say that the HRM has a culture of not caring for dogs and cats at all - you could lead yourself to that to that decision, but that's not my allusion to draw.

For instance -the city of Hamilton, Ontario has a zero tolerance for licences and sends people door to door to check for proper licencing, as well they have a section of their bylaw relating to proper care for dogs being kept out doors:

Every owner of an animal shall ensure that the place where the animal is kept is such that:
(a) the animal may extend its legs, wings or body to their full natural extent;
(b) the animal may stand, sit or perch, or the place is otherwise adequate for the needs of the animal;
(c) the animal may be readily observed, unless the natural habits of the animal require otherwise; and
(d) the place is in a clean and sanitary condition.
In addition to complying with section 7.10, every owner of an animal shall ensure that any structure located in a yard where the animal is kept is:
a in the rear yard;
b located not less than 1 metre from the boundary line between the owner's premises and any abutting premises;
c soundly constructed of hard, durable materials;
d impervious to water;
e constructed of materials that may be readily sanitized;
f maintained in a good state of repair free from cracks, holes, rust and other damage;
g kept in a way that minimizes as nearly as practicable the transfer of pathogenic agents; and
(h) adequately ventilated for the health and comfort of the animal enclosed.

That's in a municipal bylaw - not a provincial law

Mississauga has an awesome animal bylaw -
Mississauga says this about keeping animals outside:

13) Every owner of an animal shall treat the animal in a humane manner, including but not limited to the provision of :
1) a shelter for the animal that is waterproof and that protects it from exposure to the elements;
 2) a shelter for the animal that is adequate for its size and breed; (230-14)
 3) adequate food and water for the animal;
4) access to shade during warm weather which does not include shade provided by an Animal Enclosure; (230-14) 8
5) sanitary conditions for the animal; and (230-14) 6) adequate veterinary care deemed necessary by a reasonably prudent person to relieve the animal from distress caused by injury, neglect or disease. (230-14)
14) No person shall allow an animal to remain outdoors during Extreme Weather, except for brief walks or brief periods of exercise, unless the animal has access to an Animal Enclosure that will adequately protect the animal from the elements. (230-14, 277-14)
As well:
6) no person shall tether an animal for more than four (4) consecutive hours in a 24 hour period. This time restriction shall not apply where a dog is subject to: (i) a Muzzle Order under section 35 of this By-law or (ii) a provincial court order, should either provide for tethering restrictions. (230-14) 7) any person can apply for an exemption to the tethering requirement of subsection 20.1(6) of this By-law by filing an application with the Commissioner as further outlined in Schedule “D” to this By-law. (230-14)
As well:
2) Notwithstanding subsection 20.2(1) of this By-law, no person shall leave an animal unattended in a motor vehicle if the weather conditions are not suitable for the animal to remain free from distress or injury.
 3) Notwithstanding subsection 20.2(1) of this By-law, no person shall transport an animal outside the passenger compartment of any motor vehicle unless the animal is contained in a kennel or similar device that provides adequate ventilation, adequate space, protects the animal from the elements and is securely fastened in such a manner to prevent distress or injury to the animal.  
So you can see other municipalities across the country take the dog's health and well being into consideration - not just whether or not the dog is running at large, trying to kill us, barking out of control or shitting everywhere, or their owners paying a yearly fee in order to own our dogs.

We have to ask ourselves - why is the HRM so focused on finding ways to micro-manage dog owneres - a demographic that is very easy to find and very easy to legislate so tightly that it can make it very difficult for us even to leave our house with our dogs and not do something wrong.

It's becoming very difficult for our dogs to exhibit normal dog behaviour like barking for 5 minutes and yet our neighbours can have in home child daycares and the children scream all day and nothing can be done about it - our neighbours can mow their lawn at 7am on Saturday mornings or go with their leaf blowers and we are helpless - Tim Horton's coffee cups are a blight on our streets, people think nothing about all the garbage that's everywhere - but the places we can take our dogs become less and less everyday because of some misplaced paranoia and it begins with things like the legislation that's been placed upon us by the HRM staff, and I think a lot of people agree with me.

If you've read A700 and you don't think it's good legislation - then you should do something about it.

You should contact your councillor - or contact all the Councillors and say that you were unhappy that there was no public consultation before it was enacted, and you'd like it to come back to Council to see some amendments made

The Running at large section is far too vague - the only other bylaw in Canada that has legislation like that is Calgary, and what Calgary's bylaw says in relation to that reads:
- an Animal or Animals which are under the control of a person responsible by means of a Leash and which cause damage to persons, property or other Animals;

A700 says in relation to the same topic:
- on a leash but not under the control of a person

Do you see what I mean by A700 being too vague?

Calgary says that the dog is on a leash, but it's causing damage to persons, property or other animals - A700 just says "not being under control" - so it's completely up to the "Compliance Officer" to decide what is considered to be "not under control".

That is not what good legislation is called - that is what is called "bad legislation".  And it's legislation like that that hurts people having dogs doing normal dog behaviour and "Compliance officers" being assholes.  In my opinion.

I have listed below all the animal control departments all across the country that the hrm sought advice in building the bylaw - and they cherry pick some amazing things.

Brampton Ontario:

Caledon Ontario:

Calgary Alberta:

Edmonton Alberta:


- allow hens
- zero tolerance for licences - send officers door to door

London Ontario:

London has an off leash dog park bylaw -
As part of the Enforcement Division, Animal Services encourages safe and enjoyable communities for both people and pets. The Animal Care and Control Bylaw has been established to reflect Mississauga's community values.

Our philosophy is to promote responsible pet ownership. Our goal is to encourage voluntary bylaw compliance by first educating then enforcing the bylaw.

Moncton New Brunwick Pet owner bylaw -
Do not allow your dog to cause a disturbance by barking or howling for more than five minutes between 11 p.m. and 7 a.m.

Oshawa Ontario dog bylaw -

Ottawa Ontario -
Has a section on keeping dogs in sanitary environments and a section on tethering and responsibility to care for animals

Saint Johns Newfoundland -
Talks about leaving dogs out in unsanitary conditions

Toronto Ontario -
Talks about appropriate treatment of dogs and cats

Winnipeg Manitoba -
Talks about regulating rescues

Vancouver Britis Columbia -
Has a whole section on the basic keeping of dog
Also allows chickens

Wolfville Nova Scotia -
Is the only other bylaw provided by the HRM that also includes a section that allows officer to shoot animals on sight